Category: News

15 Mar 2024
Image of sheep grazing on hay in sunlit pasture with greenhouse and tree-line in background

Around Greenacres – Winter 2024

Image of sheep grazing on hay in sunlit pasture with greenhouse and tree-line in background

Around Greenacres - Winter 2024

Propagation of Spring Wildflowers

This winter Greenacres partnered with Northern Kentucky University to study spring wildflower propagation, growing 9 species of native spring wildflowers in a greenhouse, hoop house, and outside. Some of the species planted include Virginia bluebells, Dutchman’s breeches, bellwort, and large-flowered trillium. The plants will grow in their respective locations until dormancy and then half of the plants will be transplanted to Greenacres woods.  The other half will stay in their current growing environment and be transplanted in 2025. The experiment is being replicated at the Cincinnati Nature Center and Northern Kentucky University. “Having a better understanding of how to repopulate spring ephemerals in our woodlands will provide much-needed resources for our pollinators in the spring, allowing them to flourish year-round. More native pollinators will benefit our entire region!” says Principle Investigator Dr. Kristy Hopfensperger. The results of this study will be used to inform land managers and conservationists about the best protocols for propagating these species on-site.  

Greenacres research team planting seeds in greenhouse
The research team planted 2700 seeds for the Greenacres site.

“Having a better understanding of how to repopulate spring ephemerals in our woodlands will provide much needed resources for our pollinators in the spring, allowing them to flourish year-round. More native pollinators will benefit our entire region!” 

– Dr. Kristy Hopfensperger, Principle Investigator

Vermicomposting at Michaela Farm

There were over a thousand new additions to our Indiana farm in February. They arrived in the mail and settled into their new home at Michaela Farm in less than 24 hours. They are Eisenia fetida and Eisenia hortensis, more commonly known as red wigglers and red European nightcrawlers. Yep, you guessed it…worms. Thousands of them!

Red wigglers and red European nightcrawlers are both excellent composters. The red wiggler is more of a surface feeder, reproduces quicker, and prefers warmer temperatures. The red European nightcrawler is a larger worm, tends to burrow down deeper than the red wiggler, and tolerates cooler temperatures.

Vermicomposting is the process of using worms to compost kitchen scraps. The variety and amount of microbes are greater than that of regular compost because the presence of worms encourages more microorganisms to thrive, improving soil fertility biologically, chemically, and physically.

Vermicompost can be added to any potting mix for planting indoor plants or seedlings that will go into your garden. You can also add a bit of vermicompost to your garden soil. It is nutrient-dense, so a little goes a long way.  It can also be made into a drench or tea for watering plants, used as a foliar spray, or for soaking transplants before they go out to the garden.

We are very excited to have these wiggly workers at the farm, helping us turn our vegetable scraps into nutrient-dense compost that will be used to continue to improve the health of the soil at Michaela Farm.

Winter Bale Grazing

Bale grazing is a strategic winter-feeding method we embrace at Greenacres, designed to optimize pasture health and soil fertility. Our livestock team locally sources hay and places the bales in our pastures, rotating animal access using temporary electric fencing, to allow our cattle and sheep access to 1 or 2-day allocations. A full rotation through a bale grazing field typically takes 2 to 3 weeks, giving each block 12 to 20 days of rest between grazing events. This rest period is beneficial for pasture recovery, soil health, and even distribution of nutrients across the field. As the animals move from block to block, they disperse bale residue and uneaten hay across the field.

Two black angus calves grazing on hay with more cattle grazing on hay in background

At Greenacres, we prioritize organic methods, avoiding chemical or imported fertilizers. Instead, we rely on bale grazing, coupled with animal impact, to enhance soil health and fertility throughout our pastures. Each year, we identify the field with the lowest fertility and target it for bale grazing over winter. This targeted approach gradually raises the fertility of our entire farm, as different fields are used for bale grazing annually. Following winter bale grazing, we plant a summer cover crop and transition to a perennial pasture mix in the fall, ensuring continuous improvement and sustainability in our grazing practices.

For more detailed information on bale grazing, you can refer to the University of Kentucky’s comprehensive paper available here.

Starting Seeds in the Greenhouse

Winter in our greenhouse is a flurry of activity! While the cold reigns outside, inside, we’re nurturing the seeds of spring. From vibrant blooms to crisp veggies, our garden crew is busy creating a thriving oasis for these growing plants. Our dedicated team ensures each seedling gets the perfect blend of light, warmth, and moisture. It’s a labor of love, but watching these tiny seeds grow into resilient plants makes it all worthwhile. Soon, they’ll be ready to bring color and vitality to our gardens as we transplant them outside.

Greenacres Education in Lewis Township

We recently completed our first Maple Season at Lewis Township, where we hosted scores of students from local schools and held two community days where all delighted in the joy of maple syrup production in our new Sugar Shack.

We offer a cornucopia of different educational opportunities for K-12 learners, which are all free of charge for all schools in Brown, Adams, and Clermont counties.  If you have a student in a local school district, please contact us and we will get them booked!  Our objective is to bring learning standards to life in the Arts, Environment, and Agriculture.

Wooden shack with green roof in field with Maple tree and bucket in the foreground

Exploring with Grace Equine Series

This winter, the equine department launched an Exploring With Grace Equine Series partnering with Oyler School and Adventure Crew. The Oyler School students participated in a 6 part series, the Adventure Crew a 3-part series, where they learned about daily equine care, equine anatomy, handling of horses, and more! The students started the series with little to no horse experience but their equine skills developed over the weeks, leading them to confidently and independently guiding the horses through obstacle courses and ending with a bareback ride. The Greenacres equine team greatly enjoyed these series, and after extremely positive feedback from the groups and students, we have added additional Exploring With Grace Equine Series programming that will run throughout the year. 

Our Pony Club riders participated in the winter session, sharpening their mounted skills and broadening their unmounted skills. The Pony Club riders will compete in Pony Club Quiz, an entirely unmounted educational competition. The riders will compete at their respective levels being tested on skills and knowledge such as horse management, tack and equipment, and safety and rules. Our riders have been studying hard with the goal of a competitive finish! Greenacres Equine Center enrolls riders between the ages of 8-18. Our lessons are English only with a focus in Eventing. Due to extremely high demand, our waitlist is currently closed while we move riders off the list. 

School Horse Spotlight

Pineapple, or more affectionately known as “Ms. P”, is a palomino pony mare, and a fan favorite! She excels with the young or nervous students as her calm, and often sleepy demeanor, helps settle the nerves of timid students. Because of this, she was a favorite amongst the Exploring With Grace students! She can often be found falling asleep while being groomed and loves having her mane and forelock braided by the students.    

Winter Events at the Arts Center

The Greenacres Arts Center was filled with a wide range of guests this winter as we hosted two major events. On February 19th and 20th, the Heart of America Grazing Conference was held onsite where over 90 guests had the opportunity to learn from industry experts. Guest speakers included Dan Glenn from Deep Grass Graziers Farms, meat science expert Lyda Garcia, retired physician, grass-fed beef farmer, and owner of White Clover Farm Jim Linne, and even our very own Chad Bitler, one of the brains behind our groundbreaking research. From cattle genetics to the art of direct-to-consumer marketing, no topic was left ungrazed!

Then, on February 25th, we transformed the Arts Center into a culinary haven for our farm-to-table brunch, starring Greenacres Maple Syrup. Guests were treated to 4 delicious courses prepared by Chef Renee Schuler and the Eat Well team, showcasing the best of Greenacres meat and produce. As attendees indulged in each mouthwatering bite, our education team wowed them with tales of our maple field trip adventures and the sweet secrets of syrup production. We’re already counting down the days until our next Farm to Table extravaganza in July!

20 Dec 2023

2023 Grant Recipients

Image of Snowy Bench with large tree in background

2023 Grant Recipients

In 2023, the philanthropic initiatives associated with the Nippert name, including the L&L Nippert Charitable Foundation and the Louise Dieterle Nippert Musical Arts Fund, donated over $11 million to various grant recipients. This support will aid 100 local nonprofits in 2024 and will continue to make a positive impact in the years to come.

The L&L Nippert Charitable Foundation, established in 1981, offers grant opportunities for eligible non-profit organizations in the Greater Cincinnati region. In 2023, the foundation granted a total of $4,753,813 to 79 non-profits, addressing diverse causes such as youth services, recycling support, hospice care, and more.

Managed by the Greenacres Foundation, the Louise Dieterle Nippert Musical Arts Fund was created to champion musical arts initiatives in the local area. As a proud annual supporter of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Cincinnati Ballet, Cincinnati Opera, and May Festival, the fund also supports other non-profits dedicated to local musical arts initiatives. In 2023, the fund allocated $6,927,783 in grant money to organizations based in Cincinnati.

Nonprofits based in the Greater Cincinnati area can apply for these grants between June 1st and August 1st through the L&L Nippert Charitable Foundation and Louise Dieterle Nippert Musical Arts Fund. Visit or for more information.   

2023 L&L Nippert Charitable Foundation Grant Recipients:

  • Adventure Crew
  • American National Red Cross
  • Bayley Senior Care
  • Beech Acres Parenting Center
  • Bethany House Services Inc.
  • Big Brothers Big Sisters of Butler County
  • Big Brothers Big Sisters of Greater Cincinnati
  • BLOC Ministries Inc.
  • Bon Secours Mercy Health Foundation
  • Boys and Girls Clubs of Greater Cincinnati
  • Brighton Center Inc.
  • Camping Education Foundation
  • Canine Companions for Independence
  • Center for Respite Care Inc.
  • Children’s Hunger Alliance
  • Children’s Hospital Medical Center
  • Cincinnati Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
  • Cincinnati Blue Line Foundation
  • Cincinnati Cancer Foundation Inc.
  • Cincinnati Museum Association
  • Cincinnati Parks Foundation
  • Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park
  • Cincinnati Public Radio Inc.
  • Cincinnati Recycling and Reuse Hub
  • Cincinnati Therapeutic Riding and Horsemanship
  • Cincinnati Works Inc.
  • Cincinnati Youth Collaborative
  • CISE Catholic Inner city Schools Education
  • Community Matters Cincinnati Inc.
  • Comprehensive Community Child Care Inc.
  • Crayons to Computers
  • DDC Clinic Center for Special Needs Children
  • DePaul Cristo Rey High School
  • Diocesan Catholic Children’s Home
  • Down Syndrome Association of Greater Cincinnati
  • Episcopal Retirement Services
  • Fernside Inc. A Center for Grieving Children
  • Freestore Foodbank
  • Greater Cincinnati Television Educational Foundation
  • Holistic Management International
  • Hospice of Cincinnati Inc.
  • Inner City Youth Opportunities
  • Joy Outdoor Education Center LLC
  • Keep Cincinnati Beautiful Inc.
  • La Soupe Inc.
  • Last Mile Food Rescue
  • Lighthouse Youth Services Inc.
  • Matthew 25 Ministries Inc.
  • Mill Creek Alliance
  • New Life Furniture Inc.
  • Ohio Foundation of Independent Colleges Inc.
  • Ohio River Foundation
  • Ohio Valley Voices
  • Our Daily Bread
  • People Working Cooperatively
  • Planned Parenthood Southwest Ohio Region
  • Pro Bono Partnership of Ohio
  • Santa Maria Community Services Inc.
  • Shelterhouse Volunteer Group
  • Society of St Vincent de Paul District Council of Cincinnati
  • St Rita School for the Deaf
  • St Vincent de Paul Charitable Pharmacy
  • Stepping Stones Inc.
  • Taft Museum of Art
  • Talbert House
  • Teach For America
  • The Children’s Home of Cincinnati
  • The Children’s Theatre of Cincinnati
  • The Cincinnati Eye Institute Foundation
  • The Dragonfly Foundation
  • Holistic Management International
  • The East End Adult Education Center
  • The First Step Home Inc.
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • The Salvation Army
  • The University of Cincinnati Foundation
  • University of the Cumberlands
  • WAVE Foundation
  • Wesley Education Center for Children and Families
  • Women helping Women

2023 Louise Dieterle Nippert Musical Arts Fund Grant Recipients:

  • 4-Way String Quartet LLC
  • Bach Ensemble of St. Thomas Episcopal Church
  • Blue Ash Montgomery Symphony Orchestra
  • Children’s Choir of Greater Cincinnati
  • Church of our Savior/La Iglesia de Nuestro Salvador
  • Cincinnati Ballet
  • Cincinnati Boychoir Inc.
  • Cincinnati Chamber Orchestra Inc.
  • Cincinnati Opera
  • Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
  • Jazz Alive, Inc.
  • Ken Anderson Alliance
  • Kennedy Heights Art Center
  • Linton Inc.
  • The May Festival
  • Northern Kentucky Symphony, Inc.
  • Queen City Chamber Opera
  • School for Creative and Performing Arts
  • School House Symphony
  • Vocal Arts Ensemble of Cincinnati
  • Xavier University
12 Dec 2023
Yellow, orange, and red Fall maple foliage

Around Greenacres – Fall 2023

Yellow, orange, and red Fall maple foliage

Around Greenacres - Fall 2023

Artists Weekend at Arts Center

In November, we welcomed 25 local artists for our inaugural Artist Weekend. The new three-day event was jam-packed with arts engagement, presentations by select attendees, relaxing hikes, and precious time to create art on the breathtaking Arts Center grounds.

Artist Leslie Durham working in plein air for the first time during the Artist Weekend.

The Arts Team built the structure for the weekend, and the artists brought the concept to life. We have received an overwhelming amount of positive feedback. One attendee mentioned, “I have had writer’s block for six months until this weekend. I now have a new story–beginning, middle, and end.” Another artist commented, “Thank you so much for this beautiful weekend. It meant so much to me and I will hold the memories and experience so dearly. I still feel so honored to be allowed into that space.” The Greenacres team is excited about this new chapter of creativity, community-building, and growth and looks forward to hosting more events like this soon.

“I have had writer’s block for six months until this weekend. I now have a new story–beginning, middle, and end.”

“Thank you so much for this beautiful weekend. It meant so much to me and I will hold the memories and experience so dearly. I still feel so honored to be allowed into that space.”

Greenacres Artist Weekend Attendees

Growing our Apprentice Program

To help young farmers learn about regenerative farming systems and experience the practices first-hand, Greenacres has been offering two-year apprenticeships in both Gardens and Livestock. This year, as our program continues to grow, we’re improving our curriculum. With teaching methods intended to foster passion, curiosity, and exploration, we are helping develop well-rounded, confident farmers. Through intentional classroom time, informative field trips, and leadership opportunities, we aim to prepare young farmers to jump-start their careers in the regenerative farming world!

Click here to learn more about our garden apprenticeship, and click here to learn more about our livestock apprenticeship. We are currently accepting applications for both programs; if you know anyone interested, please encourage them to apply here!

Sheep at Michaela Farm

Our growing sheep flock at Michaela Farm plays an important role in improving our soil health while bringing valuable lessons to our apprentices. Recently, our livestock team acquired 35 Katahdin ewes and a Dorper ram for our Indiana farm. These chunky breeds are ideal for high-quality lamb which we’re looking forward to providing in our Indian Hill Farmstore. 

Pastured Katahdin sheep at Michaela Farm in Oldenburg, IN

We have three properties at which livestock is raised: Indian Hill, Lewis Township, and Michaela Farm. Each of these properties has slightly different pastures and comes with its own set of challenges. Whether we’re dealing with increased predation or difficult terrain, allowing our apprentices to experience production at each site gives them a better understanding of the issues they may face on other farms.

Native Perennials at the Arts Center

We are transitioning the Arts Center gardens from annuals to perennials to help our move towards more sustainable systems. This shift aligns with our commitment to environmental responsibility and carries a host of benefits. Because this venue is also one of Ohio’s most sought-after wedding venues in addition to the educational programming it supports, we are working on blending aesthetics while remaining environmentally conscious.

Sustainability and Environmental Impact: Perennial plants have a longer life cycle than annuals, reducing the need for frequent replanting. This shift aligns with Greenacres’ commitment to sustainable practices by minimizing the environmental impact of traditional annual plantings. Perennials require less water, fertilizer, and overall maintenance, contributing to an eco-friendlier and resource-efficient landscape.

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Support: Perennials play a crucial role in supporting local ecosystems by providing habitats for various pollinators, including bees and butterflies. The extended lifespan of perennial plants allows for establishing more stable and diverse ecosystems within the Greenacres grounds. This enhances the landscape’s beauty and promotes a healthier and more balanced local environment.

Potted perennial plants reading to for planting, sitting behind the Arts Center

Cost-Efficiency and Long-Term Investment: While the initial investment in perennial plants might be higher than annuals, the long-term cost savings are substantial. Perennials require less frequent replacement, reducing the overall maintenance costs associated with landscaping. This shift is a testament to Greenacres’ commitment to responsible stewardship, emphasizing the long-term benefits of investing in perennial flora.

Aesthetic Appeal and Seasonal Variety: Contrary to the misconception that perennial landscapes lack variety, these plants offer a diverse range of shapes, colors, and bloom times. Greenacres can maintain its aesthetic appeal while enjoying the added benefit of year-round visual interest. The Arts Center’s picturesque surroundings will evolve with the changing seasons, providing visitors and event attendees with a dynamic and engaging experience.

Greenacres’ decision to switch from annual plantings to perennial plants represents a commendable step towards sustainable land management. The numerous benefits, ranging from environmental conservation to long-term cost savings, make this shift not only responsible but also forward-thinking. As the Arts Center continues to be a beacon of education and a coveted wedding venue, the perennial landscape serves as a testament to Greenacres’ dedication to creating a harmonious balance between human activities and the natural world.

100 Years in the Making: The Greenacres Arts Center

This past October, we celebrated 100 years of history at the Greenacres Arts Center. We hosted visitors in an open house-style event which included a self-guided tour of the facility, along with light appetizers and cocktails. Attendees had the opportunity to explore the craftsmanship, design principles, and innovative techniques that forged the iconic Cincinnati mansion. Informational placards were placed throughout the property to give guests an insight into the original construction methods as well as highlight the attention to detail involved in the remodeling. From the original Fleischmann Estate to Louis and Louise Nippert’s purchase and the creation of the Greenacres Arts Center we know and love today, the building’s history has turned it into a magnificent piece of our city’s heritage.

Arts Center courtyard with poster

Metabolomics Study: Preliminary Data with Dr. van Vliet

In 2022, Greenacres introduced a unique research collaboration with Dr. Stephan van Vliet and Utah State University (USU). You can learn more about this project here. The research aims to study the connection between agricultural practices and human health using the science of metabolomics, which is the study of metabolites (small molecules such as organic acids, secondary compounds, vitamins, etc).

We are currently wrapping up the second (and final) year of the clinical trial, where study participants are undergoing dietary changes for 14 weeks. For 7 weeks the participants ate a diet of foods produced in an agroecological manner (e.g., pasture-based meats, eggs, and dairy, generative no-till vegetables) with the vast majority of those foods being raised at Greenacres. After a 2-week “washout period” (i.e. going back to their traditional “Western” diet), the participants wrap up the remaining 7 weeks by switching to a comparable whole foods diet as before, only this time the ingredients are grown using conventional practices (e.g., commodity feedlot raised meats, conventional eggs, dairy, vegetables and greens).

In October 2023, Dr. van Vliet visited Greenacres to report preliminary data from year one of the study. To reiterate, these were all preliminary data. The USU research team still has a lot of data to analyze prior to making any conclusions, however, the initial results showed some promising insights. Perhaps most importantly, irrespective of production practices, switching to a whole foods diet consisting of fresh meats, vegetables, grains, and dairy products has a beneficial effect on human health markers, including a 40% reduction in triglyceride levels. This is important because both diets were high in meat intake, often above the level that the participants reported as part of their normal diet. Also, the intent was for the participants to maintain their pre-study weight; however, participants on average lost weight. In addition to the improved health markers, there was also evidence to suggest that many of the agro-ecologically raised products displayed higher levels of metabolites, specifically several secondary compounds that are produced by plants and then found in pasture-raised meat products.

Dr. Stephen van Vliet presenting preliminary metabolomics data with slideshow

“It appears that just switching to a whole foods diet and minimizing intake of ultra-processed foods can get you 80% of the way to improving your health. The question is, can the increased presence of metabolites found in the agro-ecologically raised products have any impact on the additional 20%?”

Dr. Stephen Van Vliet

Based on our initial results, Dr. van Vliet stated, “It appears that just switching to a whole foods diet and minimizing intake of ultra-processed foods can get you 80% of the way to improving your health. The question is, can the increased presence of metabolites found in the agro-ecologically raised products have any impact on the additional 20%?”. Our research team hopes that once all of our samples (soil, plant, animal, and human) have been analyzed we are closer to helping answer this question.  

02 Oct 2023
Summer flowers in tall grass

Around Greenacres – Summer 2023

Summer flowers in tall grass

Around Greenacres - Summer 2023

Summer Turkey Production

June marked a first at Greenacres with turkeys being added to our pastures before July. They have enriched our summer programming, allowing our educators to integrate them into their curriculum. The experience of witnessing a working farm and learning about the turkeys’ impact on soil health has been great for visitors. Early turkeys also allow us to expand our Thanksgiving offerings to include turkey breasts since we can work with our processors earlier, allowing them time to process this batch before the holiday rush.

Broad-breasted bronze turkeys on pasture, surrounded by tall trees and with field trip class in the background

“It’s been great having this batch of turkeys out on pasture earlier than usual. Thanks to the nutritious forage they’re getting in the field, they’ve been growing fast.

-Chris Glassmeyer, Livestock Coordinator

Garden Apprentice Plots

Every spring, our garden team welcomes two apprentices for a two-year immersive program. During the first year, apprentices focus on learning our garden production methods. Once they have developed these skills, they are encouraged to develop their own projects, be it cut flowers, vegetables, or high-yield crops, and are given a dedicated plot to experiment on. While we support and continue their education, we allow room for self-driven learning through trial-and-error.

This year, second-year apprentices Sam Placke and Abby McGuire have been applying their learned skills. Sam has delved into vegetable production, exploring unique edible plants, while Abby is expanding her horizons in cut flower production. Their dedication is blossoming into success, evident from Abby’s floral creations and Sam’s vegetables enriching our Farmstore’s offerings.

garden apprentice tending to their garden plots

Equine Lessons, Pony Club, & First Responders

The equine department had an eventful summer, hosting diverse camps, Pony Club events, and Exploring With Grace programs. Both seasoned and new riders benefited from weekday camps, honing skills on and off the saddle. At the Pony Club Rally, one of our riders, alongside school horse Cary, clinched a top ten spot in a field of over 20 riders! We also facilitated four Exploring With Grace sessions, where students learned horse grooming, leading, and enjoyed a bareback obstacle course ride. Beyond these, Greenacres Equine Center held nine First Responder trainings for local emergency personnel, covering equine behavior and handling for equine emergencies. As we reminisce on the enriching summer of 2023, anticipation builds for the 2024 season! Our center, catering to riders aged 8-18, focuses on English riding with an emphasis on Eventing. Due to overwhelming demand, our waitlist is momentarily closed as we accommodate existing applicants.

School Horse Spotlight

As an appaloosa, Prim is one of our more unique colored school horses and one of the few mares (female horse) in the barn! She adores being loved on and is often the favorite of students and visitors because of her sweet personality. Prim is an exceptionally brave horse and enjoys schooling over the cross-country fences in our jump field. She and her Pony Club rider went to their first horse trial together this spring and had a blast!

Co-composted Biochar Research Project

Have you ever wondered why fertile soil tends to be darker in color? Soil fertility is largely attributed to soil organic matter, and higher levels of soil organic matter usually correspond to higher water and nutrient holding capacity as well as darker color. Many people think of soil organic matter as primarily coming from soil microbes decomposing biomass and root exudates, but historically a significant portion of soil organic matter in grassland ecosystems came directly from fire—pyrogenic carbon. Some of the most fertile soils in the Midwest experienced repetitive fire in the natural ecology of tallgrass prairie ecosystems, but 3-5% of the total biomass in a prairie fire would burn incompletely and leave a “char” residue on the soil surface. Nutrients released as a result of the fire generated highly palatable forage that was preferentially grazed by bison in a phenomenon known as “pyric herbivory.” In short, repeated applications of pyrogenic carbon and bison manure over hundreds to thousands of years created highly fertile soils that persist to this day, and we are trying to emulate this process in our integrated crop-livestock system known as the Ley Field. However, instead of using fire and herds of bison, we are using compost and a material called “biochar.”

Biochar is a very stable form of carbon that is a useful byproduct of heating biomass to high temperatures in the absence of oxygen, and it is nearly identical in form and function to pyrogenic carbon. Adding biochar at the beginning of the composting process (co-composting) offers mutual benefits to both biochar and compost during composting, and co-composted biochar applications emulate the applications of pyrogenic carbon and bison manure in historic tallgrass prairies. Three types of compost are being assessed in a four-year rotation of vegetables and grazed cover crops: regular compost, compost with woody biochar, and compost with poultry litter biochar. The Research team is collecting data on crop production, crop quality, soil health, and greenhouse gas emissions to compare the various types of compost on a systems level. Ultimately, we will learn if the tallgrass prairie paradigm for generating soil fertility can be adopted in an integrated crop-livestock system to simultaneously improve crop production and soil health.

garden plots with metal rings for biochar experiment